[1]朱成山,李泽昊.淮海战役人民支前的历史考察——以军粮供给为中心[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2019,(6):60-66.
 ZHU Cheng-shan,LI Ze-hao.Historical Investigation of the People’s Support in the Huaihai Campaign:Centering on Military Grain Supply[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2019,(6):60-66.
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淮海战役人民支前的历史考察——以军粮供给为中心()
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《徐州工程学院学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2019年第6期
页码:
60-66
栏目:
战争与民族记忆研究
出版日期:
2019-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Historical Investigation of the People’s Support in the Huaihai Campaign:Centering on Military Grain Supply
文章编号:
1674G3571(2019)06G0060G07
作者:
朱成山李泽昊
(常州大学 马克思主义学院,江苏 常州 213164)
Author(s):
ZHU Cheng-shanLI Ze-hao
(Marxism College,Changzhou University,Changzhou,Jiangsu 213164,China)
关键词:
淮海战役 人民支前 军粮供给 人民战争 历史考察 初心
Keywords:
huaihai campaign people’s support military grain supply people’s war historical investigation initial heart
分类号:
K266.6
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
2017年12月,习近平总书记在参观淮海战役纪念馆时指出:“革命胜利来之不易,靠有革命英雄主义精神的一大批将帅之才和战斗英雄,更靠人民的支持和奉献。淮海战役就是小推车推出来的胜利。我们要好好回报人民,让人民过上幸福美好的生活。”淮海战役的胜利离不开有效地军粮供给工作。战役过程中征用随军常备民工22万,二线转运民工130万,后方临时民工391万,总计达543万人,他们主要承担向前线运送军粮、向后方转运伤员等任务。据统计,淮海战役共筹运粮食9.6亿斤,不仅大大超过了战役所需(实际用粮为4.3亿斤),而且也为不久之后的渡江战役奠定了粮食基础。尽管受历史和时代的局限,军粮供给工作中存在着一定的缺陷和不足,但从总体上看,军粮供给工作具有立场的人民性、布局的系统性、政策的灵活性等特点,是取得淮海战役胜利的重要保障。500多万民工在解放全中国的旗帜下,形成的轰轰烈烈的淮海战役支前运动,不仅是粮食运送到前线的最关键一环,而且也体现了人心向背; 不仅对当时国内的政局产生了深远的影响,也突显了我党始终以人民为中心的立场。
Abstract:
In December 2017,General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out during his visit to Huaihai Campaign Memorial Hall that: "The revolutionary victory is hard-won,relying on a large number of general talents and fighting heroes with the spirit of revolutionary heroism,and relying on the support and dedication of the people.The Huaihai Campaign is the victory of the small cart.We must repay the people and let the people live a happy and beautiful life." The victory of the Huaihai Campaign is inseparable from the effective supply of military food.During the campaign,there are totaling 5.43 million civilian workers,including 250,000 recruited civilian workers,1.3 million second-line civilian workers,and 3.91 million temporary civilian workers.They mainly carried forward tasks such as transporting military food to the front line and transferring the wounded back.According to statistics,the Huaihai Campaign raised a total of 960 million Jin of grain,which not only greatly exceeded the requirements of the campaign(the actual use of food was 430 million Jin),but also laid a grain foundation for the later cross-river campaign.Due to the limitations of history and the times,there are certain defects and shortcomings in the supply of military grain.But generally speaking,the work of military grain supply has the characteristics of people’s position,systematic layout and flexibility of policy,which is an important guarantee for the victory of the Huaihai Campaign.Under the banner of liberation of China,more than 5 million migrant workers formed a vigorous pre-support campaign in the Huaihai Campaign,which was not only the most critical link in delivering grain to the front line,but also reflected people’s aspirations.It not only had a profound impact on the domestic political situation at that time,but also highlights the position of the party that has always been centered on the people.

参考文献/References:

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[2]傅继俊.透析邓小平在淮海战役中的伟人风采[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2005,(2):62.
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-10-06基金项目:江苏省哲学社会科学基金一般项目“新时代增强江苏红色文化传播力研究”(18MLB009); 江苏省高校哲学社会科学重点项目“新时代江苏红色文化开发整合与传承研究”(2018SJZD1002)作者简介:朱成山(1954- ),男,南京人,常州大学中国近现代史与红色文化研究院院长,教授,主要从事红色文化研究; 李泽昊(1978- ),男,辽宁大连人,常州大学马克思主义学院副教授、博士,主要从事马克思主义中国化研究。引文格式:朱成山,李泽昊.淮海战役人民支前的历史考察——以军粮供给为中心[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2019,34(6):60-66.
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-25