[1]张伟.差异、多元与变革:美国高等教育财政状况探微[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2017,(4):90-98.
 ZHANG Wei.Diversity,Plurality and Change:A Probe into the Financial Situation of American Higher Education[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2017,(4):90-98.
点击复制

差异、多元与变革:美国高等教育财政状况探微()
分享到:

《徐州工程学院学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2017年第4期
页码:
90-98
栏目:
教育研究
出版日期:
2017-07-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Diversity,Plurality and Change:A Probe into the Financial Situation of American Higher Education
作者:
张伟
北京师范大学 国际与比较教育研究院,北京 100875
Author(s):
ZHANG Wei
Institute of International and Comparative Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
关键词:
高等教育 绩效拨款 财政状况 美国高校
Keywords:
higher education performance allocation financial situation American colleges and universities
分类号:
G510
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着近年来经济形势与高等教育发展状况的演变,美国高等教育财政状况发生了深刻变化:公、私立院校在财政收支项目上存在着明显差别,学杂费成为各类高校最重要的收入来源; 高等教育经费占GDP的比例稳步上升,私人领域投入高等教育的经费常年高于公共领域; 州政府的高等教育拨款方式从以注册人数为基准的平均模式走向以绩效考核为导向的竞争模式,这些变化所及其引发的影响值得引起人们的重视。
Abstract:
With the development of economy and status quo of higher education in recent years,the financial situation of higher education in the United States has undergone profound changes:public and private institutions have obvious differences in the revenue and expenditure items,but tuition is the most important source of income for all US colleges and universities; The proportion of higher education funds in GDP has steadily increased,and private sector investment in higher education has been higher than that of public areas.The state government’s financial allocation has shifted from the average model based on the number of registrants to the performance-oriented competitive model.These changes and their impact are worthy of attention.

参考文献/References:

[1]博得斯顿.管理今日大学[M].王春春,赵炬明,译.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2006:9.
[2]鲍尔森.高等教育财政:理论、研究、政策与实践[M].孙志军,成刚,郑磊,译.北京:北京师范大学出版社,2008:6.
[3]National Center for Education Statistics.Postsecondary Institution Revenues[EB/OL].[2016-05-30].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_cud.asp.
[4]National Center for Education Statistics.Revenues of Public Degree-granting Postsecondary Institutions[EB/OL].[2016-04-30].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_333.10.asp.
[5]National Center for Education Statistics.Total Revenue of Private Nonprofit Degree-granting Postsecondary Institutions[EB/OL].[2016-05-20)].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_333.40.asp.
[6]National Center for Education Statistics.Total Revenue of Private For-profit Degree-granting Postsecondary Institutions[EB/OL].[2016-05-28].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_333.55.asp.
[7]National Center for Education Statistics.Postsecondary Institution Expenses[EB/OL].[2016-04-22].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_cue.asp.
[8]National Center for Education Statistics.Expenditures of Public Degree-granting Postsecondary Institutions[EB/OL].[2016-04-03].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_334.10.asp.
[9]National Center for Education Statistics.Total Expenditures of Private Nonprofit Degree-granting Postsecondary Institutions[EB/OL].[2016-05-11].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_334.30.asp.
[10]National Center for Education Statistics.Total Expenditures of Private For-profit Degree-granting Postsecondary Institutions[EB/OL].[2016-05-13].http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_334.50.asp.
[11]OECD Indicators.Education at a Glance 2015[EB/OL].[2016-04-11].http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/education-at-a-glance-2015/indicator-b2-tables_eag-2015-table129-en#page6.
[12]刘冬青.美国州高等教育财政政策的变革[M].杭州:浙江教育出版社,2015:4.
[13]陶虹.美国公立大学收支比较研究[M].北京:北京理工大学出版社,2012:57.
[14]National Conference of State Legislatures.Higher Education Appropriations[EB/OL].[2016-04-05].http://www.ncsl.org/research/education/higher-education-appropriations.aspx.
[15]National Conference of State Legislatures.School Finance[EB/OL].[2016-07-01].http://www.ncsl.org/research/education/performance-funding.aspx.
[16]National Conference of State Legislatures.Performance-Based Funding for Higher Education[EB/OL].[2016-05-30].http://www.ncsl.org/research/education/performance-funding.aspx.
[17]马彦利,胡寿平,王海东.经济大衰退对美国高等教育的影响[J].清华大学教育研究,2011(6):76-84.
[18]王莉华.美国高等教育绩效拨款政策[J].清华大学教育研究,2008(2):63-69.

相似文献/References:

[1]李学书.高校推进文化素质教育评析[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2014,(2):88.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571.2014.02.016]
 LI Xue-shu.On Promotion of Cultural Quality Education in Universities[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2014,(4):88.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571.2014.02.016]
[2]程方平.中国高等教育大众化问题的比较分析[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2013,(2):100.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571.2013.02.019]
 CHENG Fang-ping.A Comparative Analysis of the Popularization of Higher Education in China[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2013,(4):100.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571.2013.02.019]
[3]吴立保.我国高等教育制度价值取向的历史变迁——基于公平与效率关系的视角[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2012,(3):83.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571-B.2012.03.017]
[4]吴洪成,王蒙.近代中国教会大学农业教育的历史演进及启示[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2012,(4):89.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571-B.2012.04.019]
[5]洪成文.高等教育强国的内涵、特征及建设策略[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2012,(5):93.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571-B.2012.05.020]
[6]张楠.高等教育的公益性与高校学报的对应关系[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2011,(2):68.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571-B.2011.02.016]
 ZHANG Nan.On the Relevance Between the Public Nature of Higher Education and University Journal[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2011,(4):68.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571-B.2011.02.016]
[7]徐艺乙.非物质文化遗产的传承与高等教育的使命[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2010,(1):67.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571-B.2010.01.016]
 XU Yi-yi.The Inheritance of Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Obligations of Higher Educatioon[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2010,(4):67.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3571-B.2010.01.016]
[8]袁兴国,王峰.试论高等教育与社会主义新农村建设[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2007,(5):83.
 YUAN Xing-guo,WANG Feng.Higher Education and the Construction of Socialist New Countryside[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2007,(4):83.
[9]陈澎.深化会计教育教学改革的思考[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2006,(2):97.
 CHEN Peng.Reflections on Deepening the Reform in the Teaching of Accounting[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2006,(4):97.
[10]张志华.试从高等教育大众化析高等教育与经济的关系[J].徐州工程学院学报(社会科学版),2005,(5):97.
 ZHANG Zhi-hua.The Generalization of Higher Education and the Relationship between Higher Education and Economy[J].Journal of Xuzhou Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition),2005,(4):97.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-04-15
基金项目:中国博士后科学基金资助项目“美国公立高校非终身制教师聘用制度研究”(2016M600055)成果之一
作者简介:张伟(1988- ),男,山东临沂人,教育学博士,北京师范大学国际与比较教育研究院博士后研究人员,主要从事高等教育与比较教育研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-07-25